Dynamic image serve view

Wagtail provides a view for dynamically generating renditions of images. It can be called by an external system (eg a blog or mobile app) or used internally as an alternative to Wagtail’s {% image %} tag.

The view takes an image id, filter spec and security signature in the URL. If these parameters are valid, it serves an image file matching that criteria.

Like the {% image %} tag, the rendition is generated on the first call and subsequent calls are served from a cache.


Add an entry for the view into your URLs configuration:

from wagtail.wagtailimages.views.serve import ServeView

urlpatterns = [

    url(r'^images/([^/]*)/(\d*)/([^/]*)/[^/]*$', ServeView.as_view(), name='wagtailimages_serve'),


Image URL generator UI

When the dynamic serve view is enabled, an image URL generator in the admin interface becomes available automatically. This can be accessed through the edit page of any image by clicking the “URL generator” button on the right hand side.

This interface allows editors to generate URLs to cropped versions of the image.

Generating dynamic image URLs in Python

Dynamic image URLs can also be generated using Python code and served to a client over an API or used directly in the template.

One advantage of using dynamic image URLs in the template is that they do not block the initial response while rendering like the {% image %} tag does.

from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse
from wagtail.wagtailimages.views.serve import generate_signature

def generate_image_url(image, filter_spec):
    signature = generate_signature(image.id, filter_spec)
    url = reverse('wagtailimages_serve', args=(signature, image.id, filter_spec))

    # Append image's original filename to the URL (optional)
    url += image.file.name[len('original_images/'):]

    return url

And here’s an example of this being used in a view:

def display_image(request, image_id):
    image = get_object_or_404(Image, id=image_id)

    return render(request, 'display_image.html', {
        'image_url': generate_image_url(image, 'fill-100x100')

Image operations can be chained by joining them with a | character:

return render(request, 'display_image.html', {
    'image_url': generate_image_url(image, 'fill-100x100|jpegquality-40')

Advanced configuration

Making the view redirect instead of serve

By default, the view will serve the image file directly. This behaviour can be changed to a 301 redirect instead which may be useful if you host your images externally.

To enable this, pass action='redirect' into the ServeView.as_view() method in your urls configuration:

from wagtail.wagtailimages.views.serve import ServeView

urlpatterns = [

    url(r'^images/([^/]*)/(\d*)/([^/]*)/[^/]*$', ServeView.as_view(action='redirect'), name='wagtailimages_serve'),

Integration with django-sendfile

django-sendfile offloads the job of transferring the image data to the web server instead of serving it directly from the Django application. This could greatly reduce server load in situations where your site has many images being downloaded but you’re unable to use a Caching proxy or a CDN.

You firstly need to install and configure django-sendfile and configure your web server to use it. If you haven’t done this already, please refer to the installation docs.

To serve images with django-sendfile, you can use the SendFileView class. This view can be used out of the box:

from wagtail.wagtailimages.views.serve import SendFileView

urlpatterns = [

    url(r'^images/([^/]*)/(\d*)/([^/]*)/[^/]*$', SendFileView.as_view(), name='wagtailimages_serve'),

You can customise it to override the backend defined in the SENDFILE_BACKEND setting:

from wagtail.wagtailimages.views.serve import SendFileView
from project.sendfile_backends import MyCustomBackend

class MySendFileView(SendFileView):
    backend = MyCustomBackend

You can also customise it to serve private files. For example, if the only need is to be authenticated (e.g. for Django >= 1.9):

from django.contrib.auth.mixins import LoginRequiredMixin
from wagtail.wagtailimages.views.serve import SendFileView

class PrivateSendFileView(LoginRequiredMixin, SendFileView):
    raise_exception = True